Skip to main content

The three PROTOCOLs leading in IoT

All about PROTOCOL - In telecommunications, a communications protocol is a system of rules that allow two or more entities of a communications system to transmit information via any kind of variation of a physical quantity.
These are the rules or standard that defines the syntax, semantics and synchronization of communication and possible error recovery methods. Protocols may be implemented by hardware, software, or a combination of both.
Communicating systems use well-defined formats (protocol) for exchanging messages
Communicating systems use well-defined formats (protocol) for exchanging messages. Each message has an exact meaning intended to elicit a response from a range of possible responses pre-determined for that particular situation. The specified behavior is typically independent of how it is to be implemented. Communications protocols have to be agreed upon by the parties involved.

To reach agreement, a protocol may be developed into a technical standard. A programming language describes the same for computations, so there is a close analogy between protocols and programming languages: protocols are to communications as programming languages are to computations.

Most commonly used devices in networking
  • Switch - the most common device for interconnecting local area networks 
  • Firewall - provides security to networks 
  • Router - helps direct messages as they travel across a network 
  • Wireless Router - a specific type of router often found in home networks 
  • Cloud - used to summarize a group of networking devices, the details of which may be unimportant to the discussion at hand 
  • Serial Link - one form of WAN interconnection, represented by the lightning bolt-shaped line 

Important aspects of networks that are neither devices nor media are rules, or protocols. These rules are the standards and protocols that specify how the messages are sent, how they are directed through the network, and how they are interpreted at the destination devices. For example, in the case of Jabber instant messaging, the XMPP, TCP, and IP protocols are all important sets of rules that enable our communication to occur.


Popular posts from this blog

The best 5 differences of AWS EMR and Hadoop

With Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR) you can analyze and process vast amounts of data. It does this by distributing the computational work across a cluster of virtual servers running in the Amazon cloud. The cluster is managed using an open-source framework called Hadoop.

Amazon EMR has made enhancements to Hadoop and other open-source applications to work seamlessly with AWS. For example, Hadoop clusters running on Amazon EMR use EC2 instances as virtual Linux servers for the master and slave nodes, Amazon S3 for bulk storage of input and output data, and CloudWatch to monitor cluster performance and raise alarms.

You can also move data into and out of DynamoDB using Amazon EMR and Hive. All of this is orchestrated by Amazon EMR control software that launches and manages the Hadoop cluster. This process is called an Amazon EMR cluster.

What does Hadoop do...

Hadoop uses a distributed processing architecture called MapReduce in which a task is mapped to a set of servers for proce…

Top 20 ultimate ETL Questions really good for interviews

How to print/display the first line of a file?  there are many ways to do this. However the easiest way to display the first line of a file is using the [head] command.  $> head -1 file. Txt no prize in guessing that if you specify [head -2] then it would print first 2 records of the file.  another way can be by using [sed] command. [sed] is a very powerful text editor which can be used for various text manipulation purposes like this.  $> sed '2,$ d' file. Txt how does the above command work?  The 'd' parameter basically tells [sed] to delete all the records from display from line 2 to last line of the file (last line is represented by $ symbol). Of course it does not actually delete those lines from the file, it just does not display those lines in standard output screen. So you only see the remaining line which is the 1st line.  how to print/display the last line of a file?  the easiest way is to use the [tail] command.  $> tail -1 file. Txt if you want to do it using…

5 Things About AWS EC2 You Need to Focus!

Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) - is a web service that provides resizable compute capacity in the cloud. It is designed to make web-scale cloud computing easier for developers.
Amazon EC2’s simple web service interface allows you to obtain and configure capacity with minimal friction.

The basic functions of EC2... 
It provides you with complete control of your computing resources and lets you run on Amazon’s proven computing environment.Amazon EC2 reduces the time required to obtain and boot new server instances to minutes, allowing you to quickly scale capacity, both up and down, as your computing requirements change.Amazon EC2 changes the economics of computing by allowing you to pay only for capacity that you actually use. Amazon EC2 provides developers the tools to build failure resilient applications and isolate themselves from common failure scenarios. 
Key Points for Interviews:
EC2 is the basic fundamental block around which the AWS are structured.EC2 provides remote ope…