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SQL Query: 3 Methods for Calculating Cumulative SUM

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SQL provides various constructs for calculating cumulative sums, offering flexibility and efficiency in data analysis. In this article, we explore three distinct SQL queries that facilitate the computation of cumulative sums. Each query leverages different SQL constructs to achieve the desired outcome, catering to diverse analytical needs and preferences. Using Window Functions (e.g., PostgreSQL, SQL Server, Oracle) SELECT id, value, SUM(value) OVER (ORDER BY id) AS cumulative_sum  FROM your_table; This query uses the SUM() window function with the OVER clause to calculate the cumulative sum of the value column ordered by the id column. Using Subqueries (e.g., MySQL, SQLite): SELECT t1.id, t1.value, SUM(t2.value) AS cumulative_sum FROM your_table t1 JOIN your_table t2 ON t1.id >= t2.id GROUP BY t1.id, t1.value ORDER BY t1.id; This query uses a self-join to calculate the cumulative sum. It joins the table with itself, matching rows where the id in the first table is greater than or

Kafka Flowchart Useful for Dummies

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How Kafka Works Here're the prime points on Kafka stream-processing. In Mainframe, the data you receive/process in two methods (Batch and online). In Kafka, it receives data and sends it to consumers. Here're the details with Architecture, Logs, and applications that use Kafka. The streaming data is different (YouTube Live). When the data comes into Queue the data will then be processed. In the batch process, you need to wait till you get the Batch completes. In the case of stream processing, it is on the fly. 1. Architecture 2. Process Kafka is a publish/subscribe system , but it would be more precise to say that Kafka acts as a message broker. A broker is an intermediary that brings together two parties that don’t necessarily know each other for a mutually beneficial exchange or deal. Kafka stores messages in topics and retrieves messages from topics. There’s no direct connection between the producers and the consumers of the messages. Additionally, Kafka doesn’t keep any st