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SQL Query: 3 Methods for Calculating Cumulative SUM

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SQL provides various constructs for calculating cumulative sums, offering flexibility and efficiency in data analysis. In this article, we explore three distinct SQL queries that facilitate the computation of cumulative sums. Each query leverages different SQL constructs to achieve the desired outcome, catering to diverse analytical needs and preferences. Using Window Functions (e.g., PostgreSQL, SQL Server, Oracle) SELECT id, value, SUM(value) OVER (ORDER BY id) AS cumulative_sum  FROM your_table; This query uses the SUM() window function with the OVER clause to calculate the cumulative sum of the value column ordered by the id column. Using Subqueries (e.g., MySQL, SQLite): SELECT t1.id, t1.value, SUM(t2.value) AS cumulative_sum FROM your_table t1 JOIN your_table t2 ON t1.id >= t2.id GROUP BY t1.id, t1.value ORDER BY t1.id; This query uses a self-join to calculate the cumulative sum. It joins the table with itself, matching rows where the id in the first table is greater than or

Internet Of Things Awesome Basics You Need to Read Now: Part-4

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How propagator nodes will work in communicating devices in IOT: As noted previously, replicating even this highly efficient chirp protocol traffic indiscriminately throughout the IoT would clearly choke the network, so intelligence must be applied at levels above the individual end devices. This is the responsibility of propagator nodes, which are devices that create an overarching network topology to organize the sea of machine-to-machine interactions that make up the Internet of Things. Propagator nodes are typically a combination of hardware and software distantly similar to WiFi access points. They handle "local" end devices, meaning that they interact with end devices essentially within the (usually) wireless transmission range of the propagator node. They can be specialized or used to receive chirps from a wide array of end devices. Eventually, there would be tens or perhaps hundreds of thousands of propagator nodes in a city like Las Vegas.  Propagator nodes wi