Showing posts with the label ctypes

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SQL Interview Success: Unlocking the Top 5 Frequently Asked Queries

 Here are the five top commonly asked SQL queries in the interviews. These you can expect in Data Analyst, or, Data Engineer interviews. Top SQL Queries for Interviews 01. Joins The commonly asked question pertains to providing two tables, determining the number of rows that will return on various join types, and the resultant. Table1 -------- id ---- 1 1 2 3 Table2 -------- id ---- 1 3 1 NULL Output ------- Inner join --------------- 5 rows will return The result will be: =============== 1  1 1   1 1   1 1    1 3    3 02. Substring and Concat Here, we need to write an SQL query to make the upper case of the first letter and the small case of the remaining letter. Table1 ------ ename ===== raJu venKat kRIshna Solution: ========== SELECT CONCAT(UPPER(SUBSTRING(name, 1, 1)), LOWER(SUBSTRING(name, 2))) AS capitalized_name FROM Table1; 03. Case statement SQL Query ========= SELECT Code1, Code2,      CASE         WHEN Code1 = 'A' AND Code2 = 'AA' THEN "A" | "A

How to Work with 'Pointers' in Python

Pointers denote an address (memory location). It has three identities - Name, Value, and Location (Address). Python doesn't support pointers as-is. You need to import 'ctypes' package to work with C Language. Note : Pointer is popular in C, C++. The called module just uses the value of Pointer (not address).  Below is my detailed post on pointers.   How to work with Pointers To pass a reference(address) to the C interface. You can use C Language in Python by importing 'ctypes.'  Pointer Notation 1. Value 2. Address 3. Name Python Pointers Python doesn't support pointers. C and C++ extensively support pointers. Pointer is nothing but an ADDRESS. It is immutable. That means you can't change the value. Python supports pointers for the purpose to interact with C Language. How to Import 'ctypes' Import 'ctypes' library for the purpose of working with C language.  Here's how to import 'ctypes' for windows and Linux. How to denote Pointe