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SQL Query: 3 Methods for Calculating Cumulative SUM

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SQL provides various constructs for calculating cumulative sums, offering flexibility and efficiency in data analysis. In this article, we explore three distinct SQL queries that facilitate the computation of cumulative sums. Each query leverages different SQL constructs to achieve the desired outcome, catering to diverse analytical needs and preferences. Using Window Functions (e.g., PostgreSQL, SQL Server, Oracle) SELECT id, value, SUM(value) OVER (ORDER BY id) AS cumulative_sum  FROM your_table; This query uses the SUM() window function with the OVER clause to calculate the cumulative sum of the value column ordered by the id column. Using Subqueries (e.g., MySQL, SQLite): SELECT t1.id, t1.value, SUM(t2.value) AS cumulative_sum FROM your_table t1 JOIN your_table t2 ON t1.id >= t2.id GROUP BY t1.id, t1.value ORDER BY t1.id; This query uses a self-join to calculate the cumulative sum. It joins the table with itself, matching rows where the id in the first table is greater than or

How to Write Complex Python Program Using Functions

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Here is an example of complex python program written using functions. Many times, in job interviews, you need to give a written test. There, you may need to answer tricky programs. Historically, people are afraid to take a test.  Especially in python .  Complex Python programs Below are the Complex Python Program Using Functions and examples of how to write the code. Counting lower and upper case letters Creating a list 1. Counting lower and upper case letters Below program counts the upper and lower case letters. def count_lower_upper(s): dlu = {'Lower': 0, 'Upper': 0} for ch in s: if ch.islower(): dlu['Lower'] += 1 elif ch.isupper(): dlu['Upper'] += 1 return(dlu) d = count_lower_upper('James BOnd') print(d) d = count_lower_upper('Anant Amrut Mahalle') print(d) Also read : How to Lose Your Weight 2. Creating a List Here it uses two input lists for creating a new list. Additionall