Showing posts with the label PL/SQL

Featured Post

How to Work With Tuple in Python

Tuple in python is one of the streaming datasets. The other streaming datasets are List and Dictionary. Operations that you can perform on it are shown here for your reference. Writing tuple is easy. It has values of comma separated, and enclosed with parenthesis '()'. The values in the tuple are immutable, which means you cannot replace with new values. #1. How to create a tuple Code: my_tuple=(1,2,3,4,5) print(my_tuple) Output: (1, 2, 3, 4, 5) ** Process exited - Return Code: 0 ** Press Enter to exit terminal #2. How to read tuple values Code: print(my_tuple[0]) Output: 1 ** Process exited - Return Code: 0 ** Press Enter to exit terminal #3. How to add two tuples Code: a=(1,6,7,8) c=(3,4,5,6,7,8) d=print(a+c) Output: (1, 6, 7, 8, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8) ** Process exited - Return Code: 0 ** Press Enter to exit terminal #4.  How to count tuple values Here the count is not counting values; count the repetition of a given value. Code: sample=(1, 6, 7, 8, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8) print(sample

The Exclusive Way to Declare Variables in Oracle Procedure

There are four data types in PLSQL. Those are Numeric, Char, Boolean, and Date/Time. Each data type and its features are demonstrated. And explained how to declare variables in PLSQL procedure. Data types Here are the four popular data types in PLSQL. 1. Numeric DEC, DECIMAL, and NUMERIC are used to declare fixed-point numbers with a precision of a maximum of 38 decimal digits. INTEGER, INT , and SMALLINT declare integers with a maximum precision of 38 digits. 2. Char Char and Varchar data types support storing data of 1 t0 2000 bytes. The VARCHAR2 supports 1 to 4000 bytes of data. The VARCHAR and VARCHAR2 release the unused space in memory,  3. Date/Time The range for the Date is from 01-Jan-4712 BC to 31-DEC-9999. It stores the data in date format DD-MON-YYYY. The value is written in single quotes. 4. Boolean BOOLEAN datatype stores logical values and can be either TRUE or FALSE. Declare variables The Declare block in PL/SQL is reserved for variable declaration. The code between beg

SQL PLSQL Top Reserved Keywords

To become perfect in PL/SQL is an art. Knowing of top reserved words helps you to be a master in SQL. Before you start knowing reserved words, wait one moment. The reserved words are similar to the words that you use in normal SQL. SQL, PLSQL Reserved Words PL/SQL Reserved Words A Video on Basic PL/SQL Basic PL/SQL Video Lesson for all professionals. Related Posts 32 Complex SQL Queries popular e-book Introduction to SQL and PLSQL by Ruchin Jain

PL SQL: How to Fix Errors

PL/SQL is procedural language, and the PL/SQL procedures you can call from any high-level language. This is depending on your project requirement. PL SQL  How to prevent some common errors or exceptions while writing PL/SQL procedures in your project. The number one and primary one is assigning variables non-numeric to numeric. This is one kind of area where you need to look in while writing PL/SQL procedure. PL/SQL is nothing but an invitation for trouble. They are all centered on data types and implicit conversion. What's implicit conversion? Let's say you have number held in a varchar2 data type variable, v_value. You try assigning n_value, a number data type variable, that value with the following line of code:n_value := v_value; That should work, right? Yes, it should, but when it doesn't, because you don't actually have a numeric literal stored in variable v_value, the implicit data type conversion will raise an "unexpected" exception in

PL/SQL Sample code and error handling mechanism

SAMPLE PL/SQL CREATE TABLE dummy ( dummy_value VARCHAR2(1)); DECLARE -- Define local variable. my_string VARCHAR2(1) := ' '; my_number NUMBER; BEGIN -- Select a white space into a local variable. SELECT ' ' INTO my_string FROM dummy; -- Attempt to assign a single white space to a number. my_number := TO_NUMBER(my_string); EXCEPTION WHEN no_data_found THEN dbms_output.put_line('SELECT-INTO'||CHR(10)||SQLERRM); END; / Output and Error: The program returns the following output, which illustrates formatting user- defined exceptions.  The CHR(10) inserts a line return and provides a clean break between the program's SQLCODE and SQLERRM messages: RAISE my_error SQLCODE [1]  SQLERRM [User-Defined Exception]