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SQL Query: 3 Methods for Calculating Cumulative SUM

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SQL provides various constructs for calculating cumulative sums, offering flexibility and efficiency in data analysis. In this article, we explore three distinct SQL queries that facilitate the computation of cumulative sums. Each query leverages different SQL constructs to achieve the desired outcome, catering to diverse analytical needs and preferences. Using Window Functions (e.g., PostgreSQL, SQL Server, Oracle) SELECT id, value, SUM(value) OVER (ORDER BY id) AS cumulative_sum  FROM your_table; This query uses the SUM() window function with the OVER clause to calculate the cumulative sum of the value column ordered by the id column. Using Subqueries (e.g., MySQL, SQLite): SELECT t1.id, t1.value, SUM(t2.value) AS cumulative_sum FROM your_table t1 JOIN your_table t2 ON t1.id >= t2.id GROUP BY t1.id, t1.value ORDER BY t1.id; This query uses a self-join to calculate the cumulative sum. It joins the table with itself, matching rows where the id in the first table is greater than or

How to Check Kafka Available Brokers

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Here's the command to check the list of brokers present in a Kafka Cluster. You can say the Broker is the heart of the Kafka cluster. In simple terms, it works as a process. The main function is to receive messages from publishers and gives permission to access messages by consumers. How to Check Available Brokers in Kafka Here is the command: linux$  ./zookeeper-shell.sh zookeeper-IPaddress:2181 | "ls /brokers/ids" Just use the above command to get the number of brokers present in your host (Kafka Cluster). What is Default Broker-id in Kafka  The default broker id is -1 . When you create a new broker, it adds to -1. Then, it gives a new broker id. The broker ids will be generated from  reserved.broker.max.id + 1. Types of broker ids. Use assigned Zookeeper generated broker id. According to Wiki: Kafka runs on a cluster of one or more servers (called brokers), and the partitions of all topics are distributed across the cluster nodes.  Additionally, partitions are replicat