A computing paradigm that exploded in the early 1990s was the distributed object paradigm. Here, computers were encapsulated as objects. This way objects communicated with each other by exchanging messages. This work resulted in consortia such as the Object Management Group [OMG] to be formed. It was at this time that object-oriented languages such as Smalltalk and C++ rose to prominence.
Evaluation of WWW
In the early 1990s, one of the major innovations of the twentieth century was initiated and that was the World Wide Web (WWW). Tim Berners Lee, the inventor of the WWW was a programmer at CERN in Geneva, Switzerland. He started a project to support physicists sharing data. This project resulted in the WWW. Around the same time, programmers at the University of Illinois National Computing Center developed the MOSAIC browser. These two innovations resulted in ordinary people using the WWW to query and search for information. The late 1990s saw the emergence of several search engines such as Alta Vista and Lycos. Then two researchers from Stanford University started a company called Google that is now the largest web search company in the world. Java became one of the popular programming languages.
- Cloud application
- Cloud data layer
- Cloud storage layer
- Cloud operating system and hypervisor layer