Featured post

4 Layers of AWS Architecture a Quick Answer

I have collected real interview questions on AWS key architecture components. Those are S3, EC2, SQS, and SimpleDB. AWS is one of the most popular skills in the area of Cloud computing. Many companies are recruiting software developers to work on cloud computing.

AWS Key Architecture Components AWS is the top cloud platform. The knowledge of this helpful to learn other cloud platforms. Below are the questions asked in interviews recently.
What are the components involved in AWS?Amazon S3.With this, one can retrieve the key information which is occupied in creating cloud structural design, and the amount of produced information also can be stored in this component that is the consequence of the key specified.Amazon EC2. Helpful to run a large distributed system on the Hadoop cluster. Automatic parallelization and job scheduling can be achieved by this component.Amazon SQS. This component acts as a mediator between different controllers. Also worn for cushioning requirements those are obt…

5 top Data Storage Patterns to handle variety of data

Data is now a variety of patterns. Data is now more than just plain text, it can exist in various persistence-storage mechanisms, with Hadoop distributed file system (HDFS) being one of them.

The way data is ingested or the sources from which data is ingested affects the way data is stored. On the other hand, how the data is pushed further into the downstream systems or accessed by the data access layer decides how the data is to be stored.

Role of RDBMS

The need to store huge volumes of data has forced databases to follow new rules of data relationships and integrity that are different from those of relational database management systems (RDBMS). RDBMS follow the ACID rules of atomicity, consistency, isolation, and durability.

These rules make the database reliable to any user of the database. However, searching huge volumes of big data and retrieving data from them would take large amounts of time if all the ACID rules were enforced.
A typical scenario is when we search for a certain topic using Google. The search returns innumerable pages of data; however, only one page is visible or basically available (BA). 
The rest of the data is in a soft state (S) and is still being assembled by Google, though the user is not aware of it. By the time the user looks at the data on the first page, the rest of the data becomes eventually consistent (E). This phenomenon—basically available soft state and eventually consistent—is the rule followed by the big data databases, which are generally NoSQL databases following BASE properties.

Database theory suggests that any distributed NoSQL big database can satisfy only two properties predominantly and will have to relax standards on the third. 

The three properties are consistency, availability, and partition tolerance (CAP). This is the CAP theorem. 

Polyglot pattern: Multiple types of storage mechanisms—like RDBMS, file storage, CMS, OODBMS, NoSQL, and HDFS—co-exist in an enterprise to solve the big data problem.

The aforementioned paradigms of ACID, BASE, and CAP give rise to new big data storage patterns like below:
  • Façade pattern: HDFS serves as the intermittent Façade for the traditional DW systems. 
  • Lean pattern: HBase is indexed using only one column-family and only one column and unique row-key. 
  • NoSQL pattern: Traditional RDBMS systems are replaced by NoSQL alternatives to facilitate faster access and querying of big data.


Popular posts from this blog

Hyperledger Fabric: 20 Real Interview Questions

Python IF Statements Multiple Conditions Examples

Best Machine Learning Book for Beginners