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SQL Interview Success: Unlocking the Top 5 Frequently Asked Queries

 Here are the five top commonly asked SQL queries in the interviews. These you can expect in Data Analyst, or, Data Engineer interviews. Top SQL Queries for Interviews 01. Joins The commonly asked question pertains to providing two tables, determining the number of rows that will return on various join types, and the resultant. Table1 -------- id ---- 1 1 2 3 Table2 -------- id ---- 1 3 1 NULL Output ------- Inner join --------------- 5 rows will return The result will be: =============== 1  1 1   1 1   1 1    1 3    3 02. Substring and Concat Here, we need to write an SQL query to make the upper case of the first letter and the small case of the remaining letter. Table1 ------ ename ===== raJu venKat kRIshna Solution: ========== SELECT CONCAT(UPPER(SUBSTRING(name, 1, 1)), LOWER(SUBSTRING(name, 2))) AS capitalized_name FROM Table1; 03. Case statement SQL Query ========= SELECT Code1, Code2,      CASE         WHEN Code1 = 'A' AND Code2 = 'AA' THEN "A" | "A

Top Hive interview Questions for quick read (1 of 2)

The selected interview questions on HIVE. Hive is a technology being used in Hadoop eco system.

1) What are major activities in Hadoop eco system?
Within the Hadoop ecosystem, HDFS can load and store massive quantities of data in an efficient and reliable manner. It can also serve that same data back up to client applications, such as MapReduce jobs, for processing and data analysis.
2)What is the role of HIVE in HADOOP Eco system?
Hive, often considered the Hadoop data warehouse platform, got its start at Facebook as their analyst struggled to deal with the massive quantities of data produced by the social network. Requiring analysts to learn and write MapReduce jobs was neither productive nor practical.
Hive Questions
3)What is Hive in Hadoop?
Facebook developed a data warehouse-like layer of abstraction that would be based on tables. The tables function merely as metadata, and the table schema is projected onto the data, instead of actually moving potentially massive sets of data. 

This new capability allowed their analyst to use a SQL-like language called Hive Query Language (HQL) to query massive data sets stored with HDFS and to perform both simple and sophisticated summarizations and data analysis.

4)What is the requirement for HIVE learning?
If you are familiar with basic T-SQL data definition language (DDL) commands, you already have a good head start in working with Hive tables.

5)What is CREATE Table in HIVE?
       date STRING,
       time STRING,
       username STRING,
       ip STRING,
       port INT,
       method STRING,
       uristem STRING,
       uriquery STRING,
       timetaken INT,
       useragent STRING,
       referrer STRING

6) What is SELECT statement in Query?
FROM iislogtest; 
This simple query, simply returns all rows found in the iislogtest table.


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