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What is Cluster- In the age of Big data and Analytics

A cluster is local in that all of its component subsystems are supervised within a single administrative domain, usually residing in a single room and managed as a single computer system.

The constituent computer nodes are commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS), are capable of full independent operation as is, and are of a type ordinarily employed individually for standalone mainstream workloads and applications.
Hadoop + Cluster + Nodes-Jobs
(Cluster in Hadoop- Career options)

The nodes may incorporate a single microprocessor or multiple microprocessors in a symmetric multiprocessor (SMP) configuration.

The interconnection network employs COTS local area network (LAN) or systems area network (SAN) technology that may be a hierarchy of or multiple separate network structures. A cluster network is dedicated to the integration of the cluster compute nodes and is separate from the cluster's external (worldly) environment.

A cluster may be employed in many modes including but no limited to: high capability or sustained performance on a single problem, high capacity or throughput on a job or process workload, high availability through redundancy of nodes, or high bandwidth through multiplicity of disks and disk access or I/O channels.

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