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SQL Query: 3 Methods for Calculating Cumulative SUM

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SQL provides various constructs for calculating cumulative sums, offering flexibility and efficiency in data analysis. In this article, we explore three distinct SQL queries that facilitate the computation of cumulative sums. Each query leverages different SQL constructs to achieve the desired outcome, catering to diverse analytical needs and preferences. Using Window Functions (e.g., PostgreSQL, SQL Server, Oracle) SELECT id, value, SUM(value) OVER (ORDER BY id) AS cumulative_sum  FROM your_table; This query uses the SUM() window function with the OVER clause to calculate the cumulative sum of the value column ordered by the id column. Using Subqueries (e.g., MySQL, SQLite): SELECT t1.id, t1.value, SUM(t2.value) AS cumulative_sum FROM your_table t1 JOIN your_table t2 ON t1.id >= t2.id GROUP BY t1.id, t1.value ORDER BY t1.id; This query uses a self-join to calculate the cumulative sum. It joins the table with itself, matching rows where the id in the first table is greater than or

5 Tableau Features Useful for Data Analytics

Below are the top Tableau features for data analytics. Tableau 9 for Data Science engineers.

5 Useful Tableau Features for Data Analytics


CONNECTING TO LOCAL FILE 


Tableau can connect to any local file or database such as
  • Excel 
  • Text File
  • Access 
  • Statistical File, or 
  • Another Database file

CONNECTING TO SERVER

Tableau can connect to your data server too. It can connect to almost any type of data server.
Below are some of the most popular databases that Tableau can connect:
  • Tableau Server
  • Google Analytics
  • Google BigQuery
  • Hortonworks Hadoop Hive
  • MapR Hadoop Hive
  • IBM DB2
  • IBM BigInsights
  • IBM Netezza
  • Microsoft SQL Server
  • Microsoft Analysis Services
  • Oracle
  • Oracle Essbase
  • MySQL
  • PostgreSQL
  • SAP

While working on Tableau, data can have Live Connection where any change in the source data will be automatically updated in Tableau. On the other hand, data can be Extracted to the Tableau repository so that any change made here will not affect the original source data.

CONNECTING TO EXCEL FILE


To connect to an excel file, click “Excel” on the left hand side. Navigate to the file on your computer and double click to open it. For this tutorial, I will use a sample file that comes with the installation called “superstore”. You should open the appropriate file that you will be working with.

Now you are in the data connection window. It looks like the following Notice that I have three sheets in this file Orders, People, and Returns. I can simply drag the table I want. If I drag more than one table, Tableau automatically creates the join between the tables.

Creating charts


Based on the data we connected is easy. At the bottom of the page, Click on a sheet, Tableau automatically separates the data into Dimensions and Measures.

Dimensions are the categorical fields. These fields will create labels in the chart. Measures are the quantitative fields. These are the numbers we want to analyze. They create an axis in the chart. Sometimes, it might be confusing what type of chart should be used for specific data. Tableau has an interesting feature called “Show me”. “Show me” is the list of the possible charts that can be created using different combinations of data.

CREATING DASHBOARD


Tableau Dashboard contains all the related features intuitively interconnected to provide an interactive and real-time dashboard experience for non-technical users. To create a dashboard, click the “New Dashboard” icon at the bottom of the page. 

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