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How to Use Special Keys in UNIX

UNIX operating system has some special keys. These you can use to interrupt the program processing or to resume it. The file management and keys totally different in UNIX kinds of operating systems. 

An example of a UNIX special key and its use.
Why You Need Interruption
A scenario where you made some mistake in the input command and you need to stop the further process. Then you can use the CTRL+C command. It is equal to the DELETE command.

List of UNIX Special Keys

RETURN key — The RETURN key signifies the end of a line of input. On any terminal, RETURN has a key of its own, or return may be typed by holding down the control key and typing a 'm'.Ctrl-m
Hint: Ctrl-m command is equal to RETURN key in Unix systems

DELETE: The DELETE key stops a program/command immediately, without waiting for it to finish. DELETE can be achieved equivalently with ctrl-c.
Hint: Ctrl-c Command you can use to interrupt the process.

Ctrl-s: Ctrl-s pauses the output and the program is suspended until you sta…

R objects useful command to delete them

The entities that R creates and manipulates are known as objects. These may be variables, arrays of numbers, character strings, functions, or more general structures built from such components. During an R session, objects are created and stored by name. This post tells you how to delete them.

The R command
> objects()

(alternatively, ls()) can be used to display the names of (most of) the objects which are currently stored within R. The collection of objects currently stored is called the workspace. The data visualization in R Language with GGplot a good idea to start.

To remove objects the function rm is available:
> rm(x, y, z, ink, junk, temp, foo, bar)

All objects created during an R session can be stored permanently in a file for use in future R sessions.

At the end of each R session you are given the opportunity to save all the currently available objects. If you indicate that you want to do this, the objects are written to a file called .RData5 in the current directory, and the command lines used in the session are saved to a file called .Rhistory.

When R is started at later time from the same directory it reloads the workspace from this file. At the same time the associated commands history is reloaded.
  • It is recommended that you should use separate working directories for analyses conducted  ith R. 
  • It is quite common for objects with names x and y to be created during an analysis. Names like this are often meaningful in the context of a single analysis, but it can be quite hard to decide what they might be when the several analyses have been conducted in the same directory.


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