Skip to main content

The 10 top differences UNIX Vs LINUX

UNIX is an operating system which was first developed in the 1960s, and has been under constant development ever since. By operating system, we mean the suite of programs which make the computer work.

It is a stable, multi-user, multi-tasking system for servers, desktops and laptops.
UNIX systems also have a graphical user interface (GUI) similar to Microsoft Windows which provides an easy to use environment.

However, knowledge of UNIX is required for operations which aren't covered by a graphical program, or for when there is no windows interface available, for example, in a telnet session.
  • The kernel - The kernel of UNIX is the hub of the operating system: it allocates time and memory to programs and handles the filestore and communications in response to system calls.
  • As an illustration of the way that the shell and the kernel work together, suppose a user types rm myfile (which has the effect of removing the file myfile). The shell searches the filestore for the file containing the program rm, and then requests the kernel, through system calls, to execute the program rm on myfile. When the process rm myfile has finished running, the shell then returns the UNIX prompt % to the user, indicating that it is waiting for further commands.
  • The shell - The shell acts as an interface between the user and the kernel. When a user logs in, the login program checks the username and password, and then starts another program called the shell. The shell is a command line interpreter (CLI). It interprets the commands the user types in and arranges for them to be carried out. The commands are themselves programs: when they terminate, the shell gives the user another prompt (% on our systems).
  • The adept user can customise his/her own shell, and users can use different shells on the same machine. Staff and students in the school have the tcsh shell by default.
  • The tcsh shell has certain features to help the user inputting commands.
  • Filename Completion - By typing part of the name of a command, filename or directory and pressing the [Tab] key, the tcsh shell will complete the rest of the name automatically. If the shell finds more than one name beginning with those letters you have typed, it will beep, prompting you to type a few more letters before pressing the tab key again.
  • The 10 top differences UNIX Vs LINUX
    #The 10 top differences UNIX Vs LINUX:
  • History - The shell keeps a list of the commands you have typed in. If you need to repeat a command, use the cursor keys to scroll up and down the list or type history for a list of previous commands.

Linux - From smartphones to cars, supercomputers and home appliances, the Linux operating system is everywhere.

Android may be based on Linux, but it’s not based on the type of Linux system you may have used on your PC. You can’t run Android apps on typical Linux distributions and you can’t run the Linux programs you’re familiar with on Android.

Linux makes up the core part of Android, but Google hasn’t added all the typical software and libraries you’d find on a Linux distribution like Ubuntu. This makes all the difference.

Linux. It’s been around since the mid ‘90s, and has since reached a user-base that spans industries and continents. For those in the know, you understand that Linux is actually everywhere. It’s in your phones, in your cars, in your refrigerators, your Roku devices.

It runs most of the Internet, the supercomputers making scientific breakthroughs, and the world\'s stock exchanges. But before Linux became the platform to run desktops, servers, and embedded systems across the globe, it was (and still is) one of the most reliable, secure, and worry-free operating systems available.

For those not in the know, worry not – here is all the information you need to get up to speed on the Linux platform.

What is Linux?

Just like Windows XP, Windows 7, Windows 8, and Mac OS X, Linux is an operating system. An operating system is software that manages all of the hardware resources associated with your desktop or laptop. To put it simply – the operating system manages the communication between your software and your hardware. Without the operating system (often referred to as the “OS”), the software wouldn’t function.

Also Read | Why Linux is most popular OS

The OS is comprised of a number of pieces: 
  • The Bootloader: The software that manages the boot process of your computer. For most users, this will simply be a splash screen that pops up and eventually goes away to boot into the operating system.
  • The kernel: This is the one piece of the whole that is actually called “Linux”. The kernel is the core of the system and manages the CPU, memory, and peripheral devices. The kernel is the “lowest” level of the OS.
  • Daemons: These are background services (printing, sound, scheduling, etc) that either start up during boot, or after you log into the desktop.
  • The Shell: You’ve probably heard mention of the Linux command line. This is the shell – a command process that allows you to control the computer via commands typed into a text interface. This is what, at one time, scared people away from Linux the most (assuming they had to learn a seemingly archaic command line structure to make Linux work). This is no longer the case. With modern desktop Linux, there is no need to ever touch the command line.
  • Graphical Server: This is the sub-system that displays the graphics on your monitor. It is commonly referred to as the X server or just “X”.
  • Desktop Environment: This is the piece of the puzzle that the users actually interact with. There are many desktop environments to choose from (Unity, GNOME, Cinnamon, Enlightenment, KDE, XFCE, etc). Each desktop environment includes built-in applications (such as file managers, configuration tools, web browsers, games, etc).

Applications: Desktop environments do not offer the full array of apps. Just like Windows and Mac, Linux offers thousands upon thousands of high-quality software titles that can be easily found and installed. Most modern Linux distributions (more on this in a moment) include App Store-like tools that centralize and simplify application installation.

For example: Ubuntu Linux has the Ubuntu Software Center which allows you to quickly search among the thousands of apps and install them from one centralized location. 

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Blue Prism complete tutorials download now

Blue prism is an automation tool useful to execute repetitive tasks without human effort. To learn this tool you need the right material. Provided below quick reference materials to understand detailed elements, architecture and creating new bots. Useful if you are a new learner and trying to enter into automation career.
The number one and most popular tool in automation is a Blue prism. In this post, I have given references for popular materials and resources so that you can use for your interviews.
Why You Need to Learn RPA blue prism tutorial popular resources I have given in this post. You can download quickly. Learning Blue Prism is a really good option if you are a learner of Robotic process automation.
RPA Advantages The RPA is also called "Robotic Process Automation"- Real advantages are you can automate any business process and you can complete the customer requests in less time.

The Books Available on Blue Prism 
Blue Prism resourcesDavid chappal PDF bookBlue Prism…

Topologies in Apache Storm the concept you need to know

There are two main reasons why Apache Storm is so popular. The number one is it can connect to many sources. The number two is scalable. The other advantage is fault tolerant. That means, guaranteed data processing.
The map-reduce jobs process the data analytics in Hadoop. The topology in Storm is the real data processor. The co-ordination between Nimbus and Supervisor carried by Zookeeper What are topologiesThe jobs in Hadoop are similar to topology. The jobs run as per schedule defined.In Storm, the topology runs forever.A topology consists of many worker processes spread across many machines. A topology is a pre-defined design to get end product using your data.A topology comprises of 2 parts. These are Spout and bolts.The Spout is a funnel for topology Two nodes in StormMaster Node: similar to Hadoop job tracker. It runs on a daemon called Nimbus.Worker Node: It runs on a daemon called Supervisor. The Supervisor listens to the work assigned to each machine.Master NodeNimbus is re…

Three popular RPA tools functional differences

Robotic process automation is growing area and many IT developers across the board started up-skill in this popular area. I have written this post for the benefit of Software developers who are interested in RPA also called Robotic Process Automation.

In my previous post, I have described that total 12 tools are available in the market. Out of those 3 tools are most popular. Those are Automation anywhere, BluePrism and Uipath. Many programmers asked what are the differences between these tools. I have given differences of all these three RPA tools.

BluePrismBlue Prism has taken a simple concept, replicating user activity on the desktop, and made it enterprise strength. The technology is scalable, secure, resilient, and flexible and is supported by a comprehensive methodology, operational framework and provided as packaged software.The technology is developed and deployed within a “corridor of IT governance” and has sophisticated error handling and process modelling capabilities to ensu…