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SQL Query: 3 Methods for Calculating Cumulative SUM

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SQL provides various constructs for calculating cumulative sums, offering flexibility and efficiency in data analysis. In this article, we explore three distinct SQL queries that facilitate the computation of cumulative sums. Each query leverages different SQL constructs to achieve the desired outcome, catering to diverse analytical needs and preferences. Using Window Functions (e.g., PostgreSQL, SQL Server, Oracle) SELECT id, value, SUM(value) OVER (ORDER BY id) AS cumulative_sum  FROM your_table; This query uses the SUM() window function with the OVER clause to calculate the cumulative sum of the value column ordered by the id column. Using Subqueries (e.g., MySQL, SQLite): SELECT t1.id, t1.value, SUM(t2.value) AS cumulative_sum FROM your_table t1 JOIN your_table t2 ON t1.id >= t2.id GROUP BY t1.id, t1.value ORDER BY t1.id; This query uses a self-join to calculate the cumulative sum. It joins the table with itself, matching rows where the id in the first table is greater than or

How to Find Factorial in Python for Any Number

I have explained how to find factorial for a given number in Python using my own script fact.fy.
A module is created as a script file, which contains function definitions that can be called in two ways:

  • From the interpreter
  • From another script file or from another function

python factorial logic

How to import a Script from Linux to Python Console

I have written a script fact.fy

# This program illustrates the designing/creation of a module

def factorial(n):
        "This module computes factorial"
        f=1;
        for i in range (1, n+1):
                  f=f*i;
        print(f)
        return 

In interpreter...
>>> import fact       ==> Import from Linux
>>>fact.factorial(5)
120

What is script reloading?

The Python interpreter imports a module only once in a session. 

If some modifications are performed in the script, then it must be reloaded (imported) again in the interpreter for future use.

A script is a reusable component and you can add n number of functions inside of it.

Directory function in Python.

In order to see the list of function names defined in a module, Python is provided with a built-in function called dir().

It displays the list of all the function definition names as follows:

>>>dir()

['__builtins__', '__cached__', '__doc__', '__file__', 
'__loader__','__name__', '__package__','__spec__',
'fib']

Another way if we give 'module' name in dir(), you will get a list of all functions inside of it.

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