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How to Use Special Keys in UNIX

UNIX operating system has some special keys. These you can use to interrupt the program processing or to resume it. The file management and keys totally different in UNIX kinds of operating systems. 



An example of a UNIX special key and its use.
Why You Need Interruption
A scenario where you made some mistake in the input command and you need to stop the further process. Then you can use the CTRL+C command. It is equal to the DELETE command.

List of UNIX Special Keys


RETURN key — The RETURN key signifies the end of a line of input. On any terminal, RETURN has a key of its own, or return may be typed by holding down the control key and typing a 'm'.Ctrl-m
Hint: Ctrl-m command is equal to RETURN key in Unix systems


DELETE: The DELETE key stops a program/command immediately, without waiting for it to finish. DELETE can be achieved equivalently with ctrl-c.
Hint: Ctrl-c Command you can use to interrupt the process.


Ctrl-s: Ctrl-s pauses the output and the program is suspended until you sta…

Python Matrix Vs COBOL Arrays Top Differences

Your most looking information where Python matrix and COBOL arrays differ, in this post, I am giving complete information. The Logic is different in both the languages. The way of definition and accessing element in an array or matrix is different.

python matrix

Python Matrix Vs COBOL Array. In reality both Array and Matrix are the same

What are Arrays 

Arrays are storing data structure to store data in one or more dimensional form. You can access the data for further processing in your application program.

One Dimensional Array 

In general, one dimensional array is a row of elements either numeric or Strings separated by commas. Here, each element is separated by comma. This is key concept.
>>> a = ['Srini',25,33,42]
Two Dimensional Arrays 

In the case of Two dimensional array data stored in Tabular form and you can access whichever tuple you want.

Real use of multi dimensional array is to give input in Tabular form and can access particular tuple as you want.

>>> b = [['Srini',25,33,42],['Ramu',44,67,57]]

Python Matrix

In Numpy Python, matrix is a method, where you will get row data in the form of matrix
>>> a = np.matrix('1 2; 3 4')
>>> print(a)
[[1 2]
 [3 4]]
The above example is just to show input rows of data in the form of matrix.

One Dimension Matrix

>>> a = ['Srini',25,33,42]

Two dimension Matrix

>>> b = [['Srini',25,33,42],['Ramu',44,67,57]]

Reading Array in Python

>>> b[0]  
Result will be as below.
>>> ['Srini',25,33,42]                                                               
In the above two dimensional array, the first element is '0' and second element is '1' and so on. In Python accessing tuple has many ways. Whatever element you need you can access with the following syntax.

a[0] => This means first element of an Array 'a'

a[0][1] => This means in the first element of an 'a' array access first column.

a[-1] => This means access last element in 'a' array

Note: In Python an array element starts with 0, 1, 2 and so on

COBOL Arrays

Array definition in COBOL is different. First you need create an array using a definition as below. Below is 2 dimensional array. Why I am saying 2 dimensional is it has 2 OCCURS clauses.
01 StateSalesTable.
   02 State OCCURS 50 TIMES.
      03 StateBranchCount   PIC 9(5).
      03 StateMonthSales    PIC 9(5)V99 OCCURS 12 TIMES.
After the definition is created, you can now store data using COBOL program. Then you can access whichever tuple you want using index and PERFORM statement. Examples given here on multi dimensional arrays in COBOL really good to understand quickly.

Note: In COBOL when you define index then array element starts with 0, 1, 2 and so on

References

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