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Scraping Website: How to Write a Script in Python

Here's a python script that you can use as a model to scrape a website. Python script The below logic uses BeautifulSoup Package for web scraping. import requests from bs4 import BeautifulSoup url = 'https://www.example.com' response = requests.get(url) soup = BeautifulSoup(response.text, 'html.parser') # Print the title of the webpage print(soup.title.text) # Print all the links in the webpage for link in soup.find_all('a'):     print(link.get('href')) In this script, we first import the Requests and Beautiful Soup libraries. We then define the URL we want to scrape and use the Requests library to send a GET request to that URL. We then pass the response text to Beautiful Soup to parse the HTML contents of the webpage. We then use Beautiful Soup to extract the title of the webpage and print it to the console. We also use a for loop to find all the links in the webpage and print their href attributes to the console. This is just a basic example, but

How to Decode TLV Quickly

TLV format contains three parts Tag, Length, and value. In a credit card or financial transactions, the TLV protocol supports this format. Below, you will find the ideas to decode TLV data quickly. 

According to IBM, the tag tells what type of data it is. The length field denotes the length of the value. The value-field denotes the actual value.

Structure of TLV.

TLV comprises three field values.

  1. Tag
  2. Length
  3. Value

How to Decode TLV

How to Decode TLV Quickly

The EMV labs developed tags which in turn part of EMV protocol. Each tag has an unique meaning. And the Tag and Length together takes 1 to 4 bytes of memory.

1. The Best example for TLV.

Below is the way to decode the EMV tag. The first part of the TLV format is TAG. The second part is LENGTH, and finally the VALUE.

Syntax of EMV tag:

[Tag][Value Length][Value] (ex. "9F4005F000F0A001")


Tag Name = 9F40

Value Length (in bytes) = 05 

Value (Hex representation of bytes. Example, "F0" – 1-byte) = F000F0A001

Finally, what is 9F40 tag? The EMV company assigns a value to it. Check out the complete list of EMV Tags and meanings.

2. How to read the TLV

Let me elaborate on the memory the EMV tag takes. The breakup of memory allocation is as below.


Tag: 1 or 2 bytes.

Length: 05

Value length:

F0-00-F0-A0-01 ==> 5 Bytes

The F0 is the HEX value of length 1. So the total length of the value altogether is 5 bytes.

F0+00+F0+A0+01= Total 5 bytes

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