Artificial Intelligence Project Know these Five Before Start

Suppose you have got an opportunity to create a project on AI. Consider these five before the start. These five are Learning, Programming Language, Knowledge representation, Problem Solving, and Hardware.

1. Learning Process.

What is learning? - adding knowledge to the storehouse, and to improve its performance. The success of an AI program depends on two things- the extent of wisdom it has and how frequently it acquires it. Learning agents consists of four main components. They are the:

  1. The Learning element - is part of the agent responsible for improving its performance. 
  2. The Performance element- is the part that chooses the actions to take. 
  3. Critics, that tells the learning element of how the agent is doing. 
  4. The Problem generator - suggests actions that could lead to new information experiences.

2. Programming Language.

LISP and Prolog are the primary languages used in AI programming.

LISP (List Processing): LISP is an AI programming language developed by John McCarthy in 1950. LISP is a symbolic processing language that represents information in lists and manipulates lists to derive information.

PROLOG (Programming in Logic): Prolog, which is developed by Alain Colmeraver and P. Roussel at Marseilles University in France in the early 1970s. Prolog uses the syntax of predicate logic to perform symbolic, logical computations.

Artificial Intelligence Project Know these Five Before Start
Artificial Intelligence Project Know these Five Before Start

3. Knowledge Representation.

The quality of the result depends on how much knowledge the system acquires. You should represent the current knowledge efficiently. Hence, knowledge representation is a vital component of the system. The best-known representations schemes are:

  • Associative Networks or Semantic Networks
  • Frames
  • Conceptual Dependencies and
  • Scripts

4. Problem Solving.

The objective of this particular area of research is how to implement the procedures on AI systems to solve problems as humans do. The inference process should also be equally fit to obtain satisfactory results. Inference-process, you can be divided into the brute and heuristic search procedures.

5. Hardware.

Most of the AI programs, implemented on Von Neumann machines. However, for AI programming, dedicated workstations have emerged - classified into one of the following four categories:

  • SISD, Single Instruction Single Data Machines
  • SIMD, Single Instruction Multiple Data Machines
  • MISD, Multiple Instruction Single Data Machines
  • MIMD, Multiple Instruction Multiple Data Machines


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