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How to decode Tag-Length-Value Quickly

Basically, in TLV, the format is Tag, Length, and Value. In the list of protocols, TLV is one of the types. Transmitting the data depends on the protocol you used. However, many financial transactions still follow the TLV format. According to IBM, TLV data is three parts. The tag tells what type of data it is. The length field has a length of the value. The Value field has actual value.

Structure of TLV.TLV comprises three field values.  TagLengthValueEMV formulated different tags. They have their own meanings. Usually, the Tag and Length together takes 1 to 4 bytes.
The Best example for TLV.In the below example, you can find the sample TAG, LENGTH, and VALUE fields.

[Tag][Value Length][Value] (ex. "9F4005F000F0A001")
where

Tag Name = 9F40

Value Length (in bytes) = 05 
Value (Hex representation of bytes. Example, "F0" – 1-byte) = F000F0A001

In the above message, tag 9F40 has some meaning designed by EMV company. Here you can find a list of EMV Tags.
How to read the TLVTag: 1…

5 Key Python Native Data Types

Python supports five native data types. The Data types are such that a Programmer can use to write the logic and get the output. Many beginners may not aware of native data types. So I am adding a short note on that here. Native means as is Python supported data types.

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Python Five Key Native Data Types
Python Five Key Native Data Types

Python Native Data Types

In Python, you can find five types of native data types. Here is a quick list for you. Those are Number, String, List, Tuple, Set, and Dictionary.


1. Number

For all the numeric values,  you can use this data type.


2. String

It handles all Characters, Special-symbols, and Alphanumeric values.


3. List

It is something like sequential data. A program can do Sort, Merge, etc. on this data.


4. Tuple

Data is a little different from the List.


5. Set

This kind of Data-type helps you to do set operations. Those are like Intersection, Difference, etc.


6. Dictionary

Here, the Dictionary something like a group of List kinds of data. But, each value has a key associated with it.


References

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