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  Improving the performance of AWS Glue jobs involves several strategies that target different aspects of the ETL (Extract, Transform, Load) process. Here are some key practices. 1. Optimize Job Scripts Partitioning : Ensure your data is properly partitioned. Partitioning divides your data into manageable chunks, allowing parallel processing and reducing the amount of data scanned. Filtering : Apply pushdown predicates to filter data early in the ETL process, reducing the amount of data processed downstream. Compression : Use compressed file formats (e.g., Parquet, ORC) for your data sources and sinks. These formats not only reduce storage costs but also improve I/O performance. Optimize Transformations : Minimize the number of transformations and actions in your script. Combine transformations where possible and use DataFrame APIs which are optimized for performance. 2. Use Appropriate Data Formats Parquet and ORC : These columnar formats are efficient for storage and querying, signif

6 Exclusive List and Tuple Differences in Python

Here're quick differences between List and Tuple

Here're the quick differences between Tuple and List in Python. These are helpful for interviews and your project.

Tuple and List differences


  • Comma-separated elements inside a square bracket [] make a list.
  • The elements are indexed, which starts from '0'
  • These you need to enclose in a single quote and separate by a comma.
  • It can contain another list, which is called a NESTED list.
  • Use type() function to get the type of data it is.
  • The list is mutable (you can change the data). The objects (elements) can be of different data types. Here're examples on the List.


  • The elements comma-separated and enclosed in parenthesis () 
  • The elements are indexed, which starts from '0'
  • It can have heterogeneous data (integer, float, string, list, etc.)
  • It is immutable. So you can't change the elements.
  • Use the type() function to get the type of data it is. 
  • Here're examples of Tuple.

List Example

#Illustration of creating a list 
new_list=[1, 2, 3, 4] 

# Homogeneous data elements 
new_list1=[1, "John", 55.5] 

# Heterogeneous data elements 
new_list2=[111, [1, "Clara", 75.5]] 
# Nested list 


[1, 2, 3, 4]
[1, ‘John’, 55.5]
[111, [1, ‘Clara’, 75.5]]

Tuple Example

#Illustration of unpacking a tuple 
 new_tuple2=(111, [1, "Clara", 75.5], (2, "Simon", 80.5)) 

# Nested tuple 
print(new_tuple2) x, y, z=new_tuple2 


[1, ‘Clara’, 75.5]
(2, ‘Simon’, 80.5)


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