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SQL Query: 3 Methods for Calculating Cumulative SUM

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SQL provides various constructs for calculating cumulative sums, offering flexibility and efficiency in data analysis. In this article, we explore three distinct SQL queries that facilitate the computation of cumulative sums. Each query leverages different SQL constructs to achieve the desired outcome, catering to diverse analytical needs and preferences. Using Window Functions (e.g., PostgreSQL, SQL Server, Oracle) SELECT id, value, SUM(value) OVER (ORDER BY id) AS cumulative_sum  FROM your_table; This query uses the SUM() window function with the OVER clause to calculate the cumulative sum of the value column ordered by the id column. Using Subqueries (e.g., MySQL, SQLite): SELECT t1.id, t1.value, SUM(t2.value) AS cumulative_sum FROM your_table t1 JOIN your_table t2 ON t1.id >= t2.id GROUP BY t1.id, t1.value ORDER BY t1.id; This query uses a self-join to calculate the cumulative sum. It joins the table with itself, matching rows where the id in the first table is greater than or

6 Python Directory Commands Useful to Read

Here's logic to create Python Directory. You need to import the 'OS' package to create Python directory. Here're the list of Python directory commands.

Python How to Create Directory Here's Logic

You can create and delete directories in Python. Here's the helpful logic you can use for your projects. For this, you need to import 'os'. 

Python directories
Python Directories

1. How to Create a Directory

Import os 

os.mkdir('datafiles')

2. How to Change Directory

os.chdir('newdirectory')

3. How to Create a Directory and then Create a file in it

import os 
os.mkdir('datafiles/newfiles'); 
os.chdir('datafiles/newfiles'); 
fp=open('input.txt', 'w') 
fp.write('Hello, Welcome to Programming in Python') 
fp.close()


4. How to Know Present Working Directory

os.getcwd()

5. How to delete a directory

os.rmdir('directoryname')

6. How to get the List of Directories

os.listdir()


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