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SQL Query: 3 Methods for Calculating Cumulative SUM

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SQL provides various constructs for calculating cumulative sums, offering flexibility and efficiency in data analysis. In this article, we explore three distinct SQL queries that facilitate the computation of cumulative sums. Each query leverages different SQL constructs to achieve the desired outcome, catering to diverse analytical needs and preferences. Using Window Functions (e.g., PostgreSQL, SQL Server, Oracle) SELECT id, value, SUM(value) OVER (ORDER BY id) AS cumulative_sum  FROM your_table; This query uses the SUM() window function with the OVER clause to calculate the cumulative sum of the value column ordered by the id column. Using Subqueries (e.g., MySQL, SQLite): SELECT t1.id, t1.value, SUM(t2.value) AS cumulative_sum FROM your_table t1 JOIN your_table t2 ON t1.id >= t2.id GROUP BY t1.id, t1.value ORDER BY t1.id; This query uses a self-join to calculate the cumulative sum. It joins the table with itself, matching rows where the id in the first table is greater than or

9 Top Git Terms You Should have Read By now

9 Top Git Terms to Read now


GIT is version control system. That means it manages your code versions. However, I have given here most frequently asked terms in interviews.


1. Git Vs GitHub

This is the first question you ( even me also) might confuse about. Git is the version control system. Whereas GitHub is a repository framework. Also, you can say GitHub is Git hosting service.


2. What is Branch

Git is a lightweight version control system. In simple terms, a Branch is a separate line of development. You can have any number of branches in Git.


3. What is Topic

Each branch in Git refers to a particular purpose. So the topic tells about the purpose.


4. Clone

In easy terms, the Clone means copying an existing repository. So you can say it is just a copy of the existing repository.


5. What is Push

You can say Push means updating the existing repository. In other words, developers push their changes to a repository that you set up.


6. Merge

Merge unifies two or more commit history branches. That means it merges two or more committed branches.


7. What is Pull

Pull means fetch from and merge with another local branch.


8. Fetch

In simple words, it means, downloading the objects and refs (Hash id) from another repository.


9. Checkout

It is the scenario, if you want to work with another branch you need to issue checkout. So that you can work with the new branch. And you will not lose any information about the current branch.


References

  1. Useful Guide - How to work with Git 

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