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Scraping Website: How to Write a Script in Python

Here's a python script that you can use as a model to scrape a website. Python script The below logic uses BeautifulSoup Package for web scraping. import requests from bs4 import BeautifulSoup url = 'https://www.example.com' response = requests.get(url) soup = BeautifulSoup(response.text, 'html.parser') # Print the title of the webpage print(soup.title.text) # Print all the links in the webpage for link in soup.find_all('a'):     print(link.get('href')) In this script, we first import the Requests and Beautiful Soup libraries. We then define the URL we want to scrape and use the Requests library to send a GET request to that URL. We then pass the response text to Beautiful Soup to parse the HTML contents of the webpage. We then use Beautiful Soup to extract the title of the webpage and print it to the console. We also use a for loop to find all the links in the webpage and print their href attributes to the console. This is just a basic example, but

How to Retain data in Kafka and Get Additional Time for Analysis

The default topic retention period in Kafka is seven days. However, you can change the current retention period and keep data for a few more days. Hence it provides you additional time for analysis to get business insights.

How to Retain data in Kafka and Get Additional Time for Analysis

Kafka retention period

  • The retention period, you can set on two parameters of bytes and time. Due to cheap storage costs, companies wish to extend the data retention period. 
  • The retention period setup you need in the broker. It is not a deviation that Kafka is designed only for Seven days, and why we need to change it. Since space is cheaper, we can extend the retention period.

Setup for the retention period

Below is the setup in the broker configuration file for the retention period.


  • The most significant size threshold in bytes for deleting a log.


  • The length in milliseconds of a log will be maintained before being deleted.


  • Length before deletion in minutes. log.retention.ms is used as well if both are set.


  • Length before deletion in hours. log.retention.ms and log.retention.minutes would be used before this value if both are set.

Steps to disable retention period

You can disable the retention period by setting both log.retention.bytes and log.retention.ms to –1. So that we can effectively turn off the data deletion.

Steps to store data outside the broker

If we want our data to stick around for a while, what is the option other than brokers?
  • Move the data outside of Kafka and not retain it internally to the Kafka brokers themselves. 
  • Before data is removed by retention from Kafka, we could store the data in a database, in a Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS™), or upload our event messages into something like cloud storage.


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