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Scraping Website: How to Write a Script in Python

Here's a python script that you can use as a model to scrape a website. Python script The below logic uses BeautifulSoup Package for web scraping. import requests from bs4 import BeautifulSoup url = 'https://www.example.com' response = requests.get(url) soup = BeautifulSoup(response.text, 'html.parser') # Print the title of the webpage print(soup.title.text) # Print all the links in the webpage for link in soup.find_all('a'):     print(link.get('href')) In this script, we first import the Requests and Beautiful Soup libraries. We then define the URL we want to scrape and use the Requests library to send a GET request to that URL. We then pass the response text to Beautiful Soup to parse the HTML contents of the webpage. We then use Beautiful Soup to extract the title of the webpage and print it to the console. We also use a for loop to find all the links in the webpage and print their href attributes to the console. This is just a basic example, but

How to Understand Pickling and Unpickling in Python

Here are the differences between pickle and unpickle in Python. With these you can serialize and deserialize python data structures. The concept of writing the Total state of an object to the file is called pickling, and to read a Total Object from the file is called unpickling.

pickling and unpickling in python

Pickle and Unpickle

The process of writing the state of an object to the file (converting a class object into a byte stream) and storing it in the file is called pickling. It is also called object serialization.

The process of reading the state of an object from the file ( converting a byte stream back into a class object) is called unpickling. It is an inverse operation of pickling. It is also called object deserializationThe pickling and unpickling can implement by using a pickling module since binary files support byte streams. Pickling and unpickling should be possible using binary files.

Data types you can pickle

  1. Integers
  2. Booleans
  3. Complex numbers
  4. Floats
  5. Normal and Unicode strings
  6. Tuple
  7. List
  8. Set and dictionaries which contains pickling objects
  9. Classes and built-in functions can define at the top level of a module.

Functions you need


The above function performs pickling. It returns the pickled representation of an object as a byte object instead of writing it to the file. It is called to serialize an object hierarchy.


import pickle

pickle.dump(object, file, protocol)


the object is a python object to serialize

a file is a file object in which the serialized python object will be stored

protocol if not specified is 0. If specified as HIGHEST PROTOCOL or negative, then the highest protocol version available will be used. 


The above function performs unpickling. It reads a pickled object from a binary file and returns it as an object. It is used to deserialize a data stream.


import pickle




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