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SQL Query: 3 Methods for Calculating Cumulative SUM

SQL provides various constructs for calculating cumulative sums, offering flexibility and efficiency in data analysis. In this article, we explore three distinct SQL queries that facilitate the computation of cumulative sums. Each query leverages different SQL constructs to achieve the desired outcome, catering to diverse analytical needs and preferences. Using Window Functions (e.g., PostgreSQL, SQL Server, Oracle) SELECT id, value, SUM(value) OVER (ORDER BY id) AS cumulative_sum  FROM your_table; This query uses the SUM() window function with the OVER clause to calculate the cumulative sum of the value column ordered by the id column. Using Subqueries (e.g., MySQL, SQLite): SELECT t1.id, t1.value, SUM(t2.value) AS cumulative_sum FROM your_table t1 JOIN your_table t2 ON t1.id >= t2.id GROUP BY t1.id, t1.value ORDER BY t1.id; This query uses a self-join to calculate the cumulative sum. It joins the table with itself, matching rows where the id in the first table is greater than or

The Real Command to Wrap Text in Linux

Fold command in Linux

Here is a command to wrap text in Linux. The wrapping means it prints it in fixed-width column. More importantly, it will not consider spaces between words. The command you need is FOLD.  

Fold command in Linux

Below, you will find two examples on usage of the FOLD command. These are helpful for your project where you need to write a shell script.


The following command displays a set of lines with ten characters in each line:

x="aa bb cc d e f g h i j kk ll mm nn" 
echo $x | fold -10

The output of the preceding code snippet is here:

aa bb cc d e f g h i j kk ll m m nn


As another example, consider the following code snippet:

x="The quick brown fox jumps over the fat lazy dog. " 
echo $x | fold -10

The output of the preceding code snippet is here:

The quick brown fox jumps over the fat l azy dog.

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