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Best Practices for Handling Duplicate Elements in Python Lists

Here are three awesome ways that you can use to remove duplicates in a list. These are helpful in resolving your data analytics solutions.  01. Using a Set Convert the list into a set , which automatically removes duplicates due to its unique element nature, and then convert the set back to a list. Solution: original_list = [2, 4, 6, 2, 8, 6, 10] unique_list = list(set(original_list)) 02. Using a Loop Iterate through the original list and append elements to a new list only if they haven't been added before. Solution: original_list = [2, 4, 6, 2, 8, 6, 10] unique_list = [] for item in original_list:     if item not in unique_list:         unique_list.append(item) 03. Using List Comprehension Create a new list using a list comprehension that includes only the elements not already present in the new list. Solution: original_list = [2, 4, 6, 2, 8, 6, 10] unique_list = [] [unique_list.append(item) for item in original_list if item not in unique_list] All three methods will result in uni

2 Exclusive Ways to Start Kafka Services

The Kafka services start or stop you can do in two ways. Those are Systemd and Systemctl (sudo user). Below, you will find the commands for these two methods.

2 Ways to start Kafka Services

How to start/stop Kafka service

Here are exclusive ways. With these, you can start or stop Kafka services.  

1. Systemd service

The concept of unit files people who worked on Linux servers have familiarity with it. Also, they know creating the unit file to use by systemd.

To summarize, it initializes and maintains components throughout the system. This means that you can define ZooKeeper and Kafka as unit files, which then will be used by systems.


The first command starts the service, and the second command stops the service.

... [Service] ...

ExecStop= /opt/kafkainaction/bin/zookeeper-server-stop.sh

2. Systemctl by Sudo (root) user

The root user can start or stop the Kafka services. This is more like front-end processing. This way of executing is called systemctl.


The first command starts the Zookeeper and the second one starts Kafka.

$sudo systemctl start zookeeper
$sudo systemctl start kafka


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