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SQL Interview Success: Unlocking the Top 5 Frequently Asked Queries

 Here are the five top commonly asked SQL queries in the interviews. These you can expect in Data Analyst, or, Data Engineer interviews. Top SQL Queries for Interviews 01. Joins The commonly asked question pertains to providing two tables, determining the number of rows that will return on various join types, and the resultant. Table1 -------- id ---- 1 1 2 3 Table2 -------- id ---- 1 3 1 NULL Output ------- Inner join --------------- 5 rows will return The result will be: =============== 1  1 1   1 1   1 1    1 3    3 02. Substring and Concat Here, we need to write an SQL query to make the upper case of the first letter and the small case of the remaining letter. Table1 ------ ename ===== raJu venKat kRIshna Solution: ========== SELECT CONCAT(UPPER(SUBSTRING(name, 1, 1)), LOWER(SUBSTRING(name, 2))) AS capitalized_name FROM Table1; 03. Case statement SQL Query ========= SELECT Code1, Code2,      CASE         WHEN Code1 = 'A' AND Code2 = 'AA' THEN "A" | "A

Python DateTime Objects: Manipulating and Calculating Dates

Date and Time how to get and how to use is well needed in a software project. So in Python, you can find these features.

Date and Time Features in Python

Date feature you need it to get Date in the coding. Here the point is the Date and how to get it, and the various formats of it. Generally, you will find three different Date and Time formats. Before going into detail, here are those formats.

Dateandtime Features

Date and Time formats

  1. Epoch: It is a point where the time starts and is dependent on the platform. It is taken as January 1st of the current year, 00:00:00. But for UNIX systems, it is 1st January, 1970, 00:00:00 (UTC).
  2. UTC: UTC means Coordinated Universal Time (also known as Greenwich Mean Time) and is a compromise between English and French.
  3. DST: It is Daylight Saving Time which is an adjustment of the time zone by one hour during part of the year. In other words, the clock is forward by one hour in the spring and backward by one hour in the autumn to return to standard time.

1. How to get the seconds

It will return the time in seconds i.e. the number of seconds passed since the epoch. The specific epoch date and leap seconds handling are platform-dependent.

from time import *
my_secs = time()
print("The number of seconds since epoch are:", my_secs)

Time in Seconds

2. How to get the current Date and Time

Here you will get both the Date and Time.

from time import *
print("Current Date and Time", cdt)

Current Date and Time

3. How to get today's Date in Python

Here, you will get only the Date.

from datetime import date
my_date = date.today()
print("My Date is ", my_date)

Get only Date

4. How to get current Time in Python

Here you will get only time.

from datetime import datetime
current_time = cdt.strftime("%H:%M:%S")
print("Current Time =", current_time)

Get only time

5. How to get local time in detail

Here you will get the date and time detail.

from time import *
mystruct_time = localtime()

time.struct_time(tm_year=2022, tm_mon=9, tm_mday=24, tm_hour=14, tm_min=34, tm_sec=5, tm_wday=5, tm_yday=267, tm_isdst=0)

** Process exited - Return Code: 0 **
Press Enter to exit terminal



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