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Scraping Website: How to Write a Script in Python

Here's a python script that you can use as a model to scrape a website. Python script The below logic uses BeautifulSoup Package for web scraping. import requests from bs4 import BeautifulSoup url = 'https://www.example.com' response = requests.get(url) soup = BeautifulSoup(response.text, 'html.parser') # Print the title of the webpage print(soup.title.text) # Print all the links in the webpage for link in soup.find_all('a'):     print(link.get('href')) In this script, we first import the Requests and Beautiful Soup libraries. We then define the URL we want to scrape and use the Requests library to send a GET request to that URL. We then pass the response text to Beautiful Soup to parse the HTML contents of the webpage. We then use Beautiful Soup to extract the title of the webpage and print it to the console. We also use a for loop to find all the links in the webpage and print their href attributes to the console. This is just a basic example, but

How to Read and Parse CSV Files in Python

Here is a way to read CSV files in Python pandas. The packages you need to import are numpy and pandas. On the flip side, for Text files, you don't need to import these special libraries since python by default support it.

pandas read_csv

Python pandas read_csv

>>> import numpy as np
>>> import pandas as pd

To see how pandas handle this kind of data, we'll create a small CSV file in the working directory as ch05_01.csv.

white, red, blue, green, animal

Since this file is comma-delimited, you can use the read_csv() function to read its content and convert it to a dataframe object.
>>> csvframe = pd.read_csv('ch05_01.csv')
>>> csvframe
   white  red  blue  green animal
0      1    5     2      3    cat
1      2    7     8      5    dog
2      3    3     6      7  horse
3      2    2     8      3   duck
4      4    4     2      1  mouse

Python reading text files

Since python supports text files, you don't need to import NumPy and Pandas. The syntax is a little different. 

Using the Open method, here file is opened with read mode. In the place file name, it has given; the full path of the file. The Print method displays contents. Here read method is used to read the file.

# Open our file in read mode 
f = open("data/flatland01.txt", mode="r") 
# Read and display the text file 
# Close our file resource 

Finally, working with CSV and Text files knowing is helpful for interviews.



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